Environmental Activities

With election day approaching in the U.S., Global Exchange was working hard on "an electoral campaign in California challenging the oil industry over a measure that has significant national and global implications," Proposition 23, that would overturn California's green energy legislation, the Global Warming Solutions Act. "Big polluters, Koch Industries and Texas oil companies Valero and Tesoro, are spending millions promoting a deceptive initiative on California's ballot, Proposition 23, trying to kill the state's Global Warming Solutions Act. Global Exchange is involved in a number of actions to try to stop Proposition 23 from passing: helping find volunteers for the anti Prop. 23. Sponsoring a Clean Energy Tour - traveling the state utilizing solar powered hip hop concerts to motivate and inform people to vote NO on Prop 23; and otherwise communicating and educating about the issues of Prop. 23. For more information go to: http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=xba7k3Mpn2UziGXwVpne%2B8dASIL6Shw2, Facebook and http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=bhohFau1uPKibKuSSWfTNsdASIL6Shw2,Twitter, or http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=ULLi%2FcuqdH0BCA1Qs8kvGMdASIL6Shw2, or contact:  June at 415-575-5542 , or june@globalexchange.org, the websites of Global Exchange's coalition partners: Communities United Against The Dirty Energy Prop:  http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=GN2MEBXbx4uXSpqjKkB8N8dASIL6Shw2; and Stop the Dirty Energy Prop: http://salsa.democracyinaction.org/dia/track.jsp?v=2&c=%2FWa7Kiy2cwsRxna%2Ba4O1XcdASIL6Shw2.

The Center for Biological Diversity, concerned about the impact on wild life, filed a lawsuit, July 30 in the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals challenging the construction of a 680-mile natural gas pipeline from Wyoming to Oregon that has the support of gas producing Ute tribal nations, and the Council of Energy Resource Tribes, but is opposed by several Indian nations who see it as a project that will impact tribal patrimony and traditional territories without tribal agreement, who were excluded from decision-making by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). Among those opposing the construction are the Klamath Tribes – Klamath, Modoc, Yahooskin - the Shoshone/Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation of Idaho and Nevada, the Summit Lake Paiute Tribe and, to the south, the CERT-affiliated Walker River Paiute Tribe. Although tribal resources exist along the pipeline route, it will not cross the complaining tribal nations' present-day boundaries, thus BLM did not consult with the tribes or BIA. Construction began July 31 and the pipeline is scheduled to begin operation in March 2011, according to Ruby Pipeline's website (Carol Berry, "Pipeline creates tribal dissent," Indian Country Today, September 27, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/national/Pipeline-creates-tribal-dissent-103714094.html).

Diné Citizens Against Ruining Our Environment (Din&eactue; CARE), an all-Navajo environmental organization, and San Juan Citizens Alliance, Colorado/New Mexico, have filed suit against the Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM)'s western region in U.S. District Court, claiming that OSM-issued permits allow BHP Navajo Coal Co. – which mines coal from Navajo Mine for the Four Corners Power Plant on Navajo reservation lands – to permanently dispose of coal combustion waste into unlined, mined-out coal pits that may cause health-threatening pollution, a contention OSM disputes, saying the permits do not provide for minefill operations. Oral argument was heard August 25 (Carol Berry, "Navajo group seeks court intervention," Indian Country Today, September 24, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/national/Navajo-group-seeks-court-intervention-103713389.html).

Representatives of a dozen Southwest Alaska communities told the head of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, at a listening session, of the threat they feel allowing mining of the massive copper, gold, silver and molybdenum deposit at the headwaters of the Bristol Bay watershed, beginning with the Pebble mine. would pose to the environment and their way of life. Opponents to the mine see huge threats from it to area communities, including to water quality and to salmon and other life in surrounding waterways ("Residents tell EPA chief no to Pebble Mine," Indian Country Today, August 10, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Residents-tell-EPA-chief-no-to-Pebble-Mine-100344519.html).

La Via Campesino, "Haitian Peasants March against Monsanto Company for Food and Seed Sovereignty," Americas Program Updater, July 1, 2010, http://www.cipamericas.org/archives/2591, reports, "On June 4th about ten thousand Haitian peasants marched to protest U.S.-based Monsanto Company's ‘deadly gift' of seed to the government of Haiti. The seven-kilometer march from Papaye to Hinche—in a rural area on the central plateau—was organized by several Haitian farmers' organizations that are proposing a development model based on food and seed sovereignty instead of industrial agriculture. In May Monsanto announced that it had delivered 60 tons of hybrid seed maize and vegetables to Haiti, and over 400 tons of its seed (worth $4 million) will be delivered during 2010 to 10,000 farmers. Some consider Monsanto's seed donation part of a broader strategy of U.S. economic and political imperialism."

Indigenous environmental thinkers from around the globe came together, April 26- May 1, in the Kiowa community of Redstone, OK to hold the first International Summit on Indigenous Environmental Philosophy, where they signed the Redstone Statement, a declaration of the rights of the peoples and the earth that includes a list of "mechanisms for restoring balance and a call for indigenous self-determination." At the heart of the meeting was indigenous thinking. As the statement set forth, "Indigenous environmental philosophy respects a mutually supportive network of interconnected physical and spiritual entities that is sustainably maintained, and which connects the ancestral past with the distant future. The vision of our indigenous peoples is to reach spiritual and material well-being through conscious action. Mother Earth is a living, dynamic being with inherent value, and her principles must be actively embodied in order to remain in harmony and balance." The statement included eight "mechanisms" for the purpose of restoring balance to the Earth: "1) Recognition of the interdependence of all things; 2) Indigenous self-determination; 3) Indigenous land, air, water, territory and natural resource management; 4) Protection and preservation of indigenous traditional knowledge, lifeways and languages, cultures, sacred sites, and folklores/oral traditions; 5) Indigenous authority over all actions impacting indigenous communities; 6) Respect for, and protection of, traditional agricultures and genetic resources; 7) Seed sovereignty and food security; 8) Rights of movement, rights of access, rights of participation and communication in the exchange of environmental knowledge and culture." The group of 22 philosophers came from Siberia, Kenya, Chile (Mapuche), Guatemala (Maya), New Zealand, Mexico (Toltec), Russia, Taiwan, India, Australia, Canada, Swaziland, Thailand and American Indian communities in the United States to share information and strategies to deal with current and future environmental threats (By Rick Kearns, "An indigenous call to action," Indian Country Today, July 9, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/An-indigenous-call-to-action-98112909.html).

U.S. Activities

The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), stated, September 24, 2010, the "rejection by the Benson County Board of Commissioners to continue a polling place on the Spirit Lake Reservation a major incident of Native voter disenfranchisement. The decision leaves thousands of American Indians who live on the Spirit Lake Reservation, a tribal nation which stretches 495 square miles, without a voting location in proximity to the tribal nation." "The Benson County Commission on September 21, 2010 rejected a request from the Spirit Lake Nation to keep the polling place in Fort Totten, N.D. Benson County, which switched to a mail-in voting system this year, briefly considered the request to open one polling place on the Spirit Lake Indian Reservation for the November 2 general election. The Nation offered the use of its own facilities to reduce any concerns about cost. With a rate of unemployment exceeding 47% many citizens do not have the ability to travel to polling sites off the Reservation. In South Dakota, tribal leaders of the Oglala Sioux Tribe are challenging a similar decision by Shannon County and the Department of Justice is reviewing the incident." September 24, 2010 - Washington, D.C. – The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) has called Tuesday's rejection by the Benson County Board of Commissioners to continue a polling place on the Spirit Lake Reservation a major incident of Native voter disenfranchisement. The decision leaves thousands of American Indians who live on the Spirit Lake Reservation, a tribal nation which stretches 495 square miles, without a voting location in proximity to the tribal nation." "The Benson County Commission on September 21, 2010 rejected a request from the Spirit Lake Nation to keep the polling place in Fort Totten, N.D. Benson County, which switched to a mail-in voting system this year, briefly considered the request to open one polling place on the Spirit Lake Indian Reservation for the November 2 general election. The Nation offered the use of its own facilities to reduce any concerns about cost. With a rate of unemployment exceeding 47% many citizens do not have the ability to travel to polling sites off the Reservation. In South Dakota, tribal leaders of the Oglala Sioux Tribe are challenging a similar decision by Shannon County and the Department of Justice is reviewing the incident." NCAI monitors and tracks Native voting issues on the website, www.nativevote.org. For more information go to: http://www.ncai.org/.

NCAI Launched a Tribal Law & Order Act Implementation Website, at: http://tloa.ncai.org/, the Tribal Law and Order Resource Center, in partnership with the National Criminal Justice Association, in September. The resource center will help track the progress of implementation and build a central resource for policymakers and criminal justice personnel to share challenges and promising practices that will strengthen Indian Country's justice systems. For more information contact Erik Stegman, NCAI Program Manager at estegman@ncai.org, http://www.ncai.org/News-View.19.0.html.

American Indians, including Lakotas, Paiutes, Yavapai-Apache, Tohono O'odham, and Akimel O'odham, were among the leaders of an estimated 100,000 people who marched six miles, May 30, to protest Arizona's new immigration law (Shadi Rahimi, "Native contingent leads anti-S.B. 1070 March: Standing in solidarity with indigenous migrants," June 10, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/95614534.html).

Tribal leaders, including leaders of the National Congress of American Indians, were engaged on Capitol Hill, in July, decrying the length of time it is taking Congress to pass a legislative fix to the Supreme Court's February 2009 decision in Carcieri v. Salazar, that limits the federal government's ability to take land into trust for tribes. Many in Indian country believe the easiest solution would be for Congress to define that the Indian Reorganization Act was always intended to apply to all federally recognized tribes. If that fails, the Obama administration has said it will consider regulatory updates, but that option is considered less desirable, since future presidential administrations could change the rules. The Senate Committee on Indian Affairs  has already passed out of committee a bill approving a Carcieri fix that is acceptable to many tribes, but the bill has been held up on Senate the floor (Rob Capriccioso, "Lobby intensifies for Carcieri fix," July 21, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Lobby-intensifies-for-Carcieri-fix-98606044.html).

Native American community members in Seattle protested the police shooting of elder First Nation totem carver, John T. Williams, a long time Seattle resident and a Ditidaht member of the Nuu-chah-nulth First Nations of Canada's Vancouver Island, who was shot four times and killed August 30 by police officer Ian D. Birk, a two-year veteran of the Seattle Police Department. Police said Williams advanced towards Birk when the officer spotted him sitting on a ledge with a knife and shouted three commands at him to drop it. Eyewitnesses stated that Williams was crossing an intersection with a knife and piece of wood in his hands, refused to drop the knife and advanced towards the officer. "His body stance did not look threatening at all," an eyewitness told The Seattle Times. "I could only see the gentleman's back, and he didn't look aggressive at all. He didn't even look up at the officer." Williams was crippled with arthritis and hobbled more than he walked, Randy Lewis, a leader of the United Indians of All Tribes Foundation said. He was capable at most of turning towards the officer when he heard him shouting, to show him what he had in his hands. That is if he heard him shouting, as he was deaf in his left ear from an infection eight years ago. Seattle police later stated that they did not know exactly what happened, and  Seattle Police Chief John Diaz told reporters he had "a lot more questions than answers." On Sept. 8 there was a meeting between the community and representatives from the Seattle Police Department. More information is available at www.chiefseattleclub.org (Terri Hansen, "Seattle police slay Native woodcarver and an outraged community is asking, why?, Indian Country Today,  September 15, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/global/Seattle-police-slay-Native-woodcarver-and-an-outraged-community-is-asking-why-102346199.html, and communications from the Seattle American Indian community).

The 9th Annual Native Hawaiian Convention, hosted by the Council for Native Hawaiian Advancement (CNHA) was held October 12-14, with the theme Kukulu Aupuni~Kukulu Ea!, Building on Greatness-Sovereignty In Action!, as Native Hawaiians may soon receive federal recognition. Jade Danner, Native Hawaiian, CNHA vice president said, "Sovereignty is, really, having the resources to do the work on a full-time basis, so we don't need to fight, but can get to the business of health care, homelessness, education and language." She indicate that at this time, CNHA is trying to gain enough support from Republican representatives and educate individuals as to the true meaning of Hawaiian sovereignty. This would mean mustering 60 votes on the Senate floor to overcome a filibuster, and continuing work with Governor Linda Lingle to garner her support of the movement and verbiage of the Akaka Bill H.R. 2314, the Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act. At the current time, the Hawaiian Homelands consist of approximately 20,000 acres distributed across the chain of islands. Land acquisition is not included in the proposed NHRA and would require further congressional action beyond the initial passage of the bill. Danner said that on a broader level, the convention and CNHA foster the idea that sovereignty is about perpetuating culture in a bifurcating manner. The first aspect would mean the recognition of this right. "It's about solving our own problems and ensuring that our children are learning our ways. In 1988, there were only 500 [Native Hawaiian] speakers left. Now there are 9,000 to 10,000. Up until the mid-90s, it was a banned language. That's what this convention is about recognizing." Throughout the four-day event, set for Oct. 12 – 14, held at the Hawaiian Convention Center in Honolulu, lectures, workshops, forums and networking sessions were carried out detailing Native Hawaiian studies at the University of Hawaii, grant writing and applications, housing, education, traditional story and chant, and ways to network with Alaska Native, Native American and other Pacific Islanders including the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam and Pala. Danner said that in collaboration with the Native Hawaiian Education Council, CNHA recently concluded a series of 15 community listening sessions, or puwalu, on Native Hawaiian education, with a specific eye towards reauthorization of the Native Hawaiian Education Act and our community's priorities in education. CNHA is also working with the Anahola Hawaiian Homes Association to make their goal of having a commercial kitchen and marketplace a reality. For more information about the convention or CNHA and its numerous programs, visit www.hawaiiancouncil.org (By Rebecca Jacobs, "Convention comes at a pivotal time for Hawaiians," Indian Country Today, September 28, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Convention-comes-at-a-pivotal-time-for-Hawaiians-103714874.html).

Two coalition groups, one from Rogers County and one from Muskogee County, worked closely with the Oklahoma Bureau of Narcotics to pass a new state law, House Bill 2529, requiring emergency care centers and hospitals to report numbers of patients requiring care because of a drug overdose. This is the first legislation of its kind in the United States ("Cherokee Nation Coalitions help pass overdose tracking law," Indian Country Today, July 23, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Cherokee-Nation-Coalitions-help-pass-overdose-tracking-law-99113859.html).

First Alaskans Institute began a two year project, "Alaska Native Dialogues on Racial Equity," in June, being run through the Alaska Native Policy Center, under a $350,000 grant from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation a part of its America Healing effort. The project focuses on improving life outcomes for vulnerable children and their families by promoting racial healing and eliminating barriers to opportunities. The major goal of the Alaska Native Policy Center project is to catalyze a statewide discussion around the elimination of racism in Alaska, connecting this conversation to the upcoming 2012 timeline for the constitutionally mandated ballot question in 2012 on whether Alaska should hold a constitutional convention to launch this discussion. To learn more about America Healing, visit www.americahealing.org ("First Alaskans Institute tackles structural racism, promotes racial healing," Indian Country Today, June 16, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/96382424.html).

The Chickaloon Tribe of Alaska is fighting to stop a mining project by Usibelli Coal Mine Inc. to build a road along the sacred Moose Creek to a coal mining operation, that the tribe says will violate its freedom of religion rights and endanger the environment of its traditional sacred territory. The Chickaloon suffered an environmental disaster, beginning in 1914, when the War Department began mining coal in the same area to fuel warships, devastating the Ahtna Athabascan Village of Chickaloon, leaving only 40 survivors when the coal mine pulled out in 1922, according to Angela Wade, the Chickaloon Village Traditional Council's Environmental Program director. Moose Creek is culturally significant to the Chickaloon Tribe as a traditional and current fishing site, a source for drinking water and a site for cultural, religious and spiritual ceremonies. Over the past seven years, the Chickaloon Village Traditional Council has spent more than $1 million to restore salmon and salmon habitat in Moose Creek, gaining national acclaim for their restoration efforts. Usibelli wants to build a 2.7-mile road along Moose Creek to operate an open pit coal mine on some of the 8,100 acres of land it leases from the state, estimated to hold about 10 million tons of coal, enough to operate a mine for 12 to 20 years. Usibelli began construction of the road June 7. The mining operation adjacent to the creek will require up to 200 trucks a day to carry loads of coal down the road adjacent to the creek where the Chickaloon Tribe's traditional religious/cultural hunting and gathering use area is, where tribal citizens live, and where the tribal school and playground are 300 feet from the road. The company has to secure two permits in order to move forward with the mining project, a renewed exploration permit from the state this year and a renewal, perhaps for 25 years, of its lease for 60 acres of land belonging to the Matanuska-Susitna Borough, a key access point for the mine, according to the Alaska News Service. On June 7, the Mat-Su Borough Planning Commission voted 4-3 against allowing the coal company to build the road – a recommended denial that will be sent to Mat-Su Borough Assembly, which has the final say on whether the lease will be issued (Gale Courey Toensing, "Chickaloon Village fights coal mine on sacred territory," July 2, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/97659964.html).

Care2, at: http://www.care2.com/causes/human-rights/blog/reconsider-columbus-day-video/, on October 11, 2010, "Columbus Day" (which Thom Hartman on that day called "Illegal Immigrants Day") posted a notice and film Reconsider Columbus Day, asking that people, "Take a moment today to Reconsider Columbus Day, and show support for a movement that wants a truly inclusive, indigenous holiday on the calendar."

American Indians and their supporters rallied on the steps of New York's City Hall, August 23, to protest remarks made by New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg, that Indian leaders called racist hate speech in an interview with the New York Daily News, in which Bloomberg used images of constructed racial stereotypes from Hollywood's shoot ‘em up cowboy-and-Indian movies to encourage New York Governor David Paterson to act violently against the Seneca Nation in the state's dispute over cigarette taxes (Gale Courey Toensing, "Indians to rally against New York mayor: Protest to demand Bloomberg apology for 'racist hate speech'," Indian Country Today, August 23, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Indians-to-rally-against-New-York-mayor-101307429.html). Bloomberg apologized for his remarks and ignorance, shortly thereafter ("Bloomberg: Acknowledge ignorance, and then apologize," Indian Country Today, August 27, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Bloomberg-Acknowledge-ignorance-and-then-apologize-101640603.html, and Gale Courey Toensing, "Indians to rally against New York mayor: Protest to demand Bloomberg apology for 'racist hate speech'," Indian Country Today, August 24, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/Indians-to-rally-against-New-York-mayor-101307429.html).

International Activities

Cultural Survival (CS), this summer and fall, joined with Indigenous Peoples, environmental groups, and labor organizations in Panama in protestingnew laws that undermine human rights and erode environmental protections. "When thousands of protesters took to the streets in early July, the police responded with unprecedented violence, killing at least two protesters, blinding dozens with lead bird shot, and injuring and arresting hundreds more.Indigenous leaders say more people were killed, but the government has not released complete information to human rights investigators. To quiet the protests, government officials hurriedly set up a 90-day negotiation period, but they excluded many sectors of the population from the negotiating process (notablythe Indigenous Peoples and environmental organizations). Ignored by their own government, these organizations are now asking global citizens and agencies to persuade Panama to comply with internationally recognized human rights and environmental standards." On October 16, Panama's president agreed to revoke Law #30 which was set up to quell widespread protests in July. Law #30 is one of three laws that occasioned the July protests. The president and the negotiators from labor unions and civil society groups agreed on language for six new pieces of legislation which will be sent to the National Assembly for passage, along with revocation of Law #30. If passed by the Assembly, the legislation would reinstate the requirement for environmental impact studies to be conducted on all proposed industrial projects; reinstate labor unions' right to strike; and reinstate personal accountability of police officers for crimes and human rights violations that they commit on the job. CS, this fall, was involved in an international letter writing and e-mail campaign to have the government of New Papua Guinea reverse its action authorizing "a Chinese mining company to dump toxic waste into the sea, and it is determined to stifle dissent from every quarter. It hired scientists to assess potential harm to marine life, but when the scientists warned that the damage could be widespread, it suppressed and ignored their findings. When coastal Indigenous land-owner clans challenged the mining company's ‘deep submarine tailings placement' project in court, the government passed a law that denies citizens the right to appeal any permit granted by the Department of Environment and Conservation, no matter how it might affect their health, livelihoods, and cultures. PNG's license to the Chinese Metallurgical Construction Company (CMCC) violates national laws and international agreements, but the PNG government isn't listening –yet. An international outcry is needed. Toxic mine tailings dumped into the Bismarck Sea could undermine the marine food chain at its source, potentially rendering all fish unsafe to eat and destroying the livelihoods of the Indigenous people who depend on the sea." In Guatemala, the Cultural Survival staff and volunteers from community radio stations continue to meet with leaders of the Guatemalan Congress about passing the Community Radio Law (Bill number 4087) legalizing community radioIn the United States, CS has joined other organizations in Urging President Obama to Sign the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. CS publishes Cultural Survival Quaterly.For more information go to: http://www.culturalsurvival.org/.

Survival Inernational published a list of ‘Top 5 Hall of Shame' companiees for Columbus Day, October 11, 2010. They are: - GDF Suez: Part-owned by the French government, energy giant GDF Suez is heavily involved in the construction of the Jirau dam, which will be the largest dam in Brazil. The company is proceeding with work on the dam despite warnings from Survival and others that uncontacted Indians live near the area affected by the dam. - Perenco/Repsol: Anglo-French oil company Perenco, and Spanish-Argentine oil giant Repsol-YPF are exploiting the territory of uncontacted Indians in northern Peru. Both are operating in an area where uncontacted Indians live. Perenco's suggestions to its workers if they are attacked included, ‘Scare and repel them, or tell them to go home'. – Samling: This Malaysian logging company is destroying the forests of the hunter-gatherer Penan tribe in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo. Many Penan have been arrested and imprisoned for mounting blockades against the company. James Ho, Chief Operating Officer of Samling, has said,‘The Penan have no rights to the forest.' - Wilderness Safaris This tour operator recently opened a luxury safari lodge in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Botswana. The lodge boasts a bar and swimming pool, whilst the Bushmen on whose land the lodge sits are banned by the government from accessing food or water. Andy Payne, Wilderness Safaris' CEO, responded to criticism of his lodge by saying, ‘Any Bushman who wants a glass of water can have one.' - Yaguarete Pora: Brazilian ranching company Yaguarete Pora is intent on clearing a large area of forest in the Paraguayan Chaco, even though uncontacted Ayoreo Indians are known to live there. Other members of the tribe have been claiming title to the area since 1993. Yaguarete was fined by the government for concealing the Indians' existence, but is intent on resuming the destruction. Survival International's Director Stephen Corry comented, "These companies really do symbolize everything Columbus signifies today –the quest for money and profit at the expense of people who simply want to be left in peace, on their own land. Surely, 518 years after Columbus's arrival in the Americas and the decimation of the indigenous inhabitants, it's time we treated the world's tribal peoples with a little respect?" Note, before August FTSE-100 company Vedanta Resources would have been on this list, but their application to open a controversial bauxite mine on tribal land in Orissa, India, has been turned down by the government. For more information go to: http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/6562.

Cultural Survival suffered a major cyber attack, in late October, temporarily shutting down its web site and limiting the site to a temporary message at: http://www.survivalinternational.org. In an e-mail list serv message, survival stated, "Survival believes the attack is likely to originate with the Botswana or Indonesian authorities, or their allies. The attack comes one week after Survival reported on a shocking video of Indonesian soldiers torturing Papuan tribal people, and four weeks after calling for tourists to boycott Botswana over the long-running persecution of the Kalahari Bushmen. Starting with a test attack at 5pm (London time) on Wednesday 27 October, and building to a very sophisticated ‘distributed denial-of-service' onslaught that evening, many thousands of PCs around the world simultaneously bombarded Survival's website, knocking it offline. Other organizations that hosted the torture video have also had their websites attacked. Similar attacks occurred during Survival's campaign against the Botswana government, after the Bushmen were evicted from their traditional lands. Survival's Director Stephen Corry said today, ‘This isn't a couple of geeks in a shed, it's an expensive and sophisticated attack amounting to cyberterrorism. The damage to Survival International may be substantial but is of course nothing compared to that inflicted on West Papuan tribes or Botswana's Bushmen. This is not just a local struggle for the survival of the few hundred remaining hunting Bushmen in Africa, or the more than one million oppressed tribespeople in Indonesian West Papua, it also epitomizes the onslaught against those who dare to reject the domination of money and government over human rights. The forces ranged against us are colossal, and may have won this round, but we will never give up.'" "The website of the following organizations have also come under attack: Friends of People Close To Nature, West Papua Media Alerts, Asian Human Rights Commission, Free West Papua Campaign, West Papua Unite." More information is, or soon will be, available at: <http://survival-international.us1.list-manage.com/track/click?u=b14580b05b832fb959c4ee444&id=60181c1fd1&e=CqQTrZoCrQ>http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/6631.

In Ecuador's Embabura Province, in July 2010, 180 Indigenous families in the community of Iluman Bajo protested the widening of the Pan American Highway, which threatened a sacred site, but were met by 350 police in riot gear from the provincial capitol (Taita Jose Rafael Carrascal Cacuango, "Sacred Spring, Sacred Duty," Cultural Survival Quarterly, Volume 34, No. 3, Fall 2010).

About 100 members of the Brazilian Awá nation staged a three day protest, August 1-3, 2010, organized by the Brazilian indigenous rights organization, the local Catholic church and several indigenous groups, in the Brazilian Amazon from August 1st to 3rd, to prove that they exist and to demand that their land be protected from invasion. The demonstrations took place in Ze Doca, a town near the Awá's land in Maranhão state in the eastern Amazon. It is in response to remarks by the local mayor's office denying that the Awá exist. The Awá  are one of only two nomadic hunter gatherers tribes remaining in Brazil. More than 60 Awá have no contact with outsiders and are in grave danger from illegal loggers. Although Awá lands have been legally recognized, the Indians are being targeted by loggers, who are bulldozing roads into the forests, and by settlers, who hunt the game the Awá rely on, exposing the Indians to disease and violence. A federal judge ruled in June 2009 that all invaders must leave the Awá territory within 180 days. However, the ruling has since been suspended, and deforestation and invasions are increasing. For more information go to: http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/6276.

On World Tourism Day, September 27, 2010 which Botswana is using to promote its ‘cultural diversity and welcoming people', Survival called for boycott of Botswana tourism until the government ends a brutal campaign of persecution against Kalahari Bushmen. The Botswana government "has waged a thirteen-year campaign to evict the Bushmen, the country's first inhabitants, from their ancestral lands inside the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. Many have been evicted several times from their homes in the reserve to grim relocation camps. Although the Bushmen won a legal victory to be allowed to return home, the government is trying to starve them out of the reserve. It has banned their access to water (they are not allowed to use their former well, which has been disabled), and food (they are not allowed to hunt). The government's actions have been criticized by the UN–its expert found the Bushmen face ‘harsh and dangerous conditions due to a lack of access to water' –and the African Union's Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. And while the Bushmen are denied food and water, the government is promoting tourism to the reserve. Wilderness Safaris has opened a luxury tourist lodge with swimming pool – and is likely to grant Gem Diamonds permission to mine for diamonds at one of the Bushmen's communities." For more information go to: http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/6519.

Cultural Survival (CS) reported, October 13, "In response to the abuse of Samburu people by Kenyan police that was documented by Cultural Survival, a Kenyan organization has initiated trainings for police who are sent to Samburu East district. Michael Tiampati, national coordinator of the Pastoralists Development Network of Kenya, reports that many of the police officers ‘are ignorant because of stereotypes…They are transferred to this area and they want to convert pastoralists to suit their imagined ‘civilised' society. So we told them of the need to respect the people's social-cultural-economic and religious way of life because their job is to ensure security of persons and property but not to convert communities. 'Tiampati reports that his trainings for Administrative and Kenya Police forces have been ‘very successful.' They were opened by the Samburu East District Commissioner, and they focused on Kenya's new constitution which contains strong safeguards against abuse of power, as well as regional and international human rights standards on policing and the rights of citizens." For more information visit: http://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/kenya/campaign-update-kenyan-police-receive-trainings-human-rights.

Supporters of the Penan in Sarawak in their struggle aginst logging that is destroying their Mlaysan rain forest homeland, demonstrated on the occasion of the Sarawak Chief Minister Taib Mahmud's visit to the UK, July 26, while British MPs wrote to him expressing concern over the newly documented cases of sexual abuse of Penan women connected with repression of Penan resistance to the logging. Survival International and other organizations greeted the Chief Minister in Oxford, where he had travelled with cabinet colleagues to give the keynote speech at the Inaugural Oxford Global Islamic Branding and Marketing Forum. The chairman of the British parliament's All Party Parliamentary Group for Tribal peoples, MP Martin Horwood, has written to Taib Mahmud on the occasion of the Chief Minister's visit to the UK stated, "The Penan have frequently been subject to violence and intimidation at the hands of loggers operating on their land… Without recognition of their land rights, the Penan are struggling to provide for themselves, and are left vulnerable to violence and exploitation." Mr Horwood urged the Chief Minister to "halt logging and other developments on the Penan's land without their free, prior and informed consent, according to international law" and to "ensure that Penan women and girls are protected from sexual violence and the perpetrators of such abuse brought to justice." The All Party Parliamentary Group's letter to the Chief Minister is available at: http://survival-international.us1.list-manage.com/track/click?u=b14580b05b832fb959c4ee444&id=85644943bf&e=CqQTrZoCrQ. For more information go to: http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/6267.

Two Na'vi from James Cameron's film Avatar went to British mining company Vedanta Resources' Annual General Meeting in Westminster, London, July 28, joining tribal rights organization Survival International in a demonstration against Vedanta, over its plan to mine the sacred mountain of India's Dongria Kondh tribe. Martin Horwood MP, Chair of the all-party parliamentary group for tribal peoples, also attended the AGM, whilst former Monty Python star Michael Palin sent a message of support: "I've been to the Nyamgiri Hills in Orissa and seen the forces of money and power that Vedanta Resources have arrayed against a people who have occupied their land for thousands of years, who husband the forest sustainably and make no great demands on the state or the government. The tribe I visited simply want to carry on living in the villages that they and their ancestors have always lived in." On the same day, British Prime Minister David Cameron met Indian PM Dr. Manmohan Sing, with Martin Horwood MP having written to Cameron urging him to raise the issue of the plight of the Dongria Kondh at the meeting. Vedanta Resources is majority-owned by billionaire Mayfair resident Anil Agarwal. A number of major Vedanta shareholdes have sold their stock over the issue of mining the Dongria Kondh's sacred mountain, which would destoy their home and way of living. For more, see below in International Developments or contact Miriam Ross, Tel. (+44) (0)20 7687 8734 or (+44) (0)7504543367, mr@survivalinternational.org, or in the U.S., Alice Bayer (202)525-6972, ab@survivalinternational.org or Tess Thackara (after 12 pm EST) (415)503-1254, tt@survivalinternational.org, http://www.survivalinternational.org/.

Uganda Land Alliance: "STATEMENT ON THE OCCASION OF THE NATIONAL LAND CONFERENCE MAY 25TH-27TH 2010," Kimpa Vita Press, September 15, 2010, http://kimpavitapress.org/2010/05/uganda-land-alliance-statement-on-the-occasion-of-the-national-land-conference-may-25th-27th-2010/, states in part, "As representatives from across the country gather for the 3-day National Land Conference currently ongoing at Hotel Africana in Kampala to discuss salient issues in the National Land Policy, the Uganda Land Alliance wishes to call upon all stakeholders to put politics aside and churn a brighter future for all Ugandans both present and those to come. The Uganda Land Alliance, representing over 60 CSOs and Individuals advocating for land rights of the poor women, men and children, is particularly concerned about the escalating land wrangles across the country, and hopes that this issue will be prioritized in the discussions as it provides a recipe for disharmony. In Uganda today, the Banyoro are fighting against Bakiga, Iteso against Karamojong, Banyoli against Bagwere, Bagungu against Bahima, Bakonjo against Basongora, and the Buganda land question over the 9000 Square Miles rages on. There have also been international border disputes among them; Uganda against Sudan, Uganda against Rwanda, Uganda against Congo, and the most recent brawl between Uganda and Kenya over the tiny Island of Migingo and so on."

First Nations chiefs, elders, students and thousands of their supporters from across Canada called on the Canadian government to increase funding and support for indigenous students' education, during the week of September 19, named the , called for by the Assembly of First Nations annual meeting in Winnipeg during the summer, at which the assembly declared education its top priority. Duing the week, there were a number of walks and rallies, while First Nations chiefs met with around 40 members of parliament from all parties to present their vision of education for indigenous students and discuss the stakes and issues regarding the future of First Nations education. The Action Week finished up, September 23, with a rally and a cultural celebration on Parliament Hill. In making their case, Aborigonal leaders supported their claims that funding for First Nations students is both inadequate and discriminatory. The federal government capped First Nations education funding at 2% annual growth since 1996, less than the rate of inflation or with the growing indigenous population. First Nation students receive at least $2,000 per pupil less than non-Native students receive from provincial governments, while First Nations schools receive no resources for computers, software, libraries, language immersion or support systems. There is no funding for costs relating to vocational training, sports and recreations, or to reforms in provincial programs. In some isolated areas of Canada, there are no schools and in others Indigenous students have to travel great distances to attend classes. Money is not the only issue. AFN National Chief Shawn A-in-chut Atleo comented, "It's about compelling Canada to change its approach and recognize our people as being a tremendous potential, not only for First Nations, but for Canada."He stated that closing the gap in education and employment for First Nations citizens could result in a contribution to Canada's Gross Domestic Product of around $179 billion by 2026. "Canada is really worried right now about how it's going to respond to the increasing health care demands as the aging mainstream population gets older and needs more health care; that population is creating a big gap in the labor force. So before Canada goes looking elsewhere around the world for people to fill the labor force, let's look in our own back yard and see this exploding indigenous youth population and let's support it and invest in their education and their future, and if we do that everyone will win." The First Nations education initiative was supported by the Canadian Federation of Students, representing more than 500,000 post secondary students, the Public Service Alliance of Canada, representing 172,000 workers, and the Canadian Union of Public Employees, representing more than 600,000 workers (Gale Courey Toensing, "First Nations rally for indigenous education funding and support," Indian Country Today, October 13, 2010, http://www.indiancountrytoday.com/archive/First-Nations-rally-for-indigenous-education-funding-and-support-104571019.html).