North American Border Challenges: terrorists/drugs/trade & American Indians

Laurence Armand French, Magdaleno Manzanarez


The goals for expanding economic trade within North America while fighting drug and human trafficking, as well as attempting to secure the common borders against terrorism North America (Canada, Mexico, United States of America), under leadership of the USA, has created an environment that clearly favors capitalism often at the expense of the culture and tradition of indigenous Americans. Intended or not, the autonomy and free movement of indigenous peoples has been greatly compromised since the enactment of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on January 1, 1994 and further restricted following the terrorists attacks on the USA on September 11, 2001.

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